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Learn one Kanji a day with infographic: 留 (ryuu)

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MEANING:

detain, fasten, halt, stop

HOW TO READ:

On: ryuu, ru
Kun: to.meru, to.maru, todo.meru, todo.maru, ruuburu

JLPT LEVEL: N3

COMPOUNDS:

残留 (zanryuu): stay behind, stay back
駐留 (chuuryuu): stationing (troops), garrison
抑留 (yokuryuu): internment, detainment
留学 (ryuugaku): studying abroad
在留 (zairyuu): stay, remain, reside
留守 (rusu): house-sitting, being away from home
留任 (ryuunin): remaining in office, remaining at one’s post
留保 (ryuuho): reserving, withholding
留金 (tomegane): snap fastener, clasp
留年 (ryuunen): repeating the same class
居留 (kyoryuu): residence, reside
留置 (ryuuchi): detainment, imprisonment
遺留 (iryuu): bequest
拘留 (kouryuu): detention, hold a person in custody
滞留 (tairyuu): staying, stagnating
留意 (ryuui): paying attention, bearing in mind
保留 (horyuu): reserve, deferment
留める (tomeru): to stop, to turn off
留まる (todomaru): to remain, to stay
書留め (kakitome): registration, writing down
遺留品 (iryuuhin): lost articles
留学生 (ryuugakusei): overseas student, exchange student
留守番 (rusuban): care-taking, house-sitting
停留所 (teiryuujo): bus stop, tram stop
留置場 (ryuuchijou): police cell, place of detention
居留守 (irusu): pretending to be out
留処無く (tomedonaku): endlessly, ceaselessly
引き留める (hikitomeru): to detain, to restrain

EXAMPLE SENTENCES:


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なにも目に留まらなかった。
nanimo me ni tomaranakatta.
I noticed nothing.

留守に小包が着いた時には、どうするのかね?
rusu ni kozutsumi ga tsuita toki ni wa, dou suru no ka ne.
In the event of a parcel arriving for you whilst you were away, what would be done with it?

髪をうしろにまとめラインストーンのヘアクリップできちんと留めていた。
kami o ushiro ni matome rainsutoon no hea kurippu de kichinto tomete ita.
My hair was swept back and neatly held in place with a rhinestone barrette.

待つことには慣れていないのに、いまは世界中のすべてが保留にされているような心地だ。
matsu koto ni wa narete inai noni, ima wa sekaijuu no subete ga horyuu ni sarete iru you na kokochi da.
I am not accustomed to waiting, but at the moment, I feel as if my whole world were on hold.

子供を集めて留置した施設は、軍隊のように抑圧的であることが普通で、体罰が行われることも珍しくなかった。
kodomo o atsumete ryuuchi shita shisetsu wa, guntai no you ni yokuatsuteki de aru koto ga futsuu de, taibatsu ga okonawareru koto mo mezurashikunakatta.
Child detention centers were usually militaristically authoritarian, with physical abuse not uncommon.

わたしたちが容疑者を裁判にかけないまま無期限に拘留したり、彼らが拷問にあうのがわかっている国へ真夜中に送り出したりしていたら、独裁政権の国に対して人権と法の支配を要求する力は弱まる。
watashitachi ga yougisha o saiban ni kakenai mama mukigen ni kouryuu shitari, karera ga goumon ni au no ga wakatte iru kuni e mayonaka ni okuridashitari shite itara, dokusai seiken no kuni ni taishite jinken to hou no shihai o youkyuu suru chikara wa yowamaru.
When we detain suspects indefinitely without trial or ship them off in the dead of night to countries where we know they’ll be tortured, we weaken our ability to press for human rights and the rule of law in despotic regimes.

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