Advertisement

Learn one Kanji a day with infographic: 下 (ka)

Learn one Kanji a day with infographic: 下 (ka)

Click on image to view full size.

MEANING:

below, down, descend, give, low, inferior

HOW TO READ:

On: ka, ge
Kun: shita, shimo, moto, sa.geru, sa.garu, kuda.u, kuda.ri, kuda.su, -kuda.su, kuda.saru, o.rosu, o.iriru

COMPOUNDS:

下 (shita): below, down, under
下す (kudasu): to make (a decision)
以下 (ika): below, under, not exceeding
下位 (kai): low rank, subordinate
低下 (teika): fall, decline, lowering
下落 (geraku): decline, fall, slump
上下 (jouge): top and bottom, high and low
下車 (gesha): alighting, getting off
下部 (kabu): lowerpart, substructure
下方 (kahou): lower region, lower part
下等 (katou): inferior, base, vulgar
上下 (ueshita): top and bottom, up and down
地下 (chika): basement, underground place
廊下 (rouka): corridor, hallway, passageway
傘下 (sanka): affiliated with, under jurisdiction of
目下 (mokka): at present, now
下着 (shitagi): underwear
下級 (kakyuu): lower grade, low class
下手 (heta): unskillful, poor, awkward
真下 (mashita): right under, directly below
下流 (karyuu): downstream, lower classes
投下 (touka): throwing down, dropping
部下 (buka): subordinate person
下値 (shitane): lowest price
天下 (tenka): the whole world
下校 (gekou): coming home from school
最下 (saika): the lowest, the worst
年下 (toshishita): younger, junior
下品 (gehin): vulgarity, meanness
下宿 (geshuku): boarding, lodging
足下 (ashimoto): at one’s feet, underfoot
下旬 (gejun): month (last third of)
下手 (shitate): humble position
下絵 (shitae): rough sketch, cartoon
下降 (kakou): downward, descent, fall
目下 (meshita): subordinate, junior
下げる (sageru): to hang, to lower, to reduce
下りる (oriru): to descend, to go down
下ろす (orosu): to drop, to lower
値下げ (nesage): cut in price
見下す (mikudasu): to despite, to look down on
下書き (shitagaki): rough copy, draft
地下鉄 (chikatetsu): underground train, subway
下水道 (gesuidou): drain, sewer, drainage system
下半身 (kahanshin): lower half of body
下らない (kudaranai): good-for-nothing, stupid


Advertisement

EXAMPLE SENTENCES:

夜が明けた。私はまた下へ降りた。
yoru ga aketa. watashi wa mata shita e orita.
When daylight dawned. I went down again.

彼女は年下の男の人にもてる。
kanojo wa toshishita no otoko no hito ni moteru.
She’s popular among younger men.

中東における米国の力と威信は低下した。
chuutou ni okeru beikoku no chikara to ishin wa teika shita.
U.S. power and prestige in the Middle East were at a low.

スタリンは最終的に六月下旬の日取りに同意した。
sutarin wa saishuuteki ni rokugatsu gejun no hidori ni doui shita.
Stalin eventually agreed to a date in late June.

部下が求めるのは無私なリーダであって、利己的なリーダーではない。
buka ga motomeru no wa mushi na riida de atte, rikoteki na riidaa dewa nai.
Followers want leaders who are selfless, not selfish.

彼は有罪だと思うけれど、有罪決断を下すための十分な証拠がない。
kare wa yuuzai da to omou keredo, yuuzai ketsudan o kudasu tame no juubun na shouko ga nai.
I think he’s guilty, but there isn’t enough proof to convict him.

エリツィンは古い制度を崩壊させたが、いまだ新しい制度を構築できずにいた。また、ロシアの下院議会との関係も、けっして好ましいものではなかった。
eritsuin wa furui seido o houkai saseta ga, imada atarashii seido o kouchiku dekizu ni ita. mata, roshia no kaingikai to no kankei mo, kesshite konomashii mono dewa nakatta.
Yeltsin had destroyed the old system, but had not yet been able to build a new one. He also had not developed a good working relationship with Russia’s parliament.

Vector designed by Freepik.


Advertisement


If you find any error in this post please don't hesitate to contact me.

Must-read: Guide to self-studying Japanese effectively

Learn one Kanji a day with infographic: 今 (kon)
Learn one Kanji a day with infographic: 人 (jin)
Share
Pin
Tweet
Share
0 Shares