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JLPT N5 Grammar List

This is a list of grammar rules you need to study for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test level N5.

JLPT N5 Grammar List

Click on each grammar for more details. The link to download the printable PDF file of this list can be found at the end of this post.

Verb Conjugation

だ / です (da / desu): to be (copula)

だけ (dake): only, just

だろう (darou): probably

で (de) – 1: at, in

で (de) – 2: with, by

でしょう (deshou): I think, probably

が (ga) – 1: subject marker

が (ga) – 2: but, however

がある (gaaru): there is (used for non-living things)

がいる (gairu): there is (used for living things)

ほうがいい (hou ga ii) 1: it’d be better to

ほうがいい (hou ga ii) 2: it’d be better to not

いちばん (ichiban): the most

か (ka) 1: or (A or B, choice between 2 objects)

か (ka) 2: question particle

から (kara) 1: because, since

から (kara) – 2: from

けれども (keredomo): but, although

Infographic: JLPT N5 grammar list part 2

JLPT N5 grammar list part 1. Click on image to view full size.

くらい (kurai): about, approximately

まだ (mada): still, not yet

まで (made): until, till, to, even

まえに (mae ni): before

ませんか (masen ka): let’s, won’t you


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ましょう (mashou): let’s, shall we

も (mo): also, too, as well

もう (mo): already, anymore

な (na): don’t do

ないでください (naidekudasai): please don’t

なる (naru): to become

に (ni): in, at, to, for

に/へ (ni/e): to

にいく (ni iku): to go in order to

にする (nisuru): to decide on

の (no) – 1: of (indicates possessive)

の (no) – 2: Verb nominalizer

ので (node): because of, the reason is that

Infographic: JLPT N5 grammar list part 2

JLPT N5 grammar list part 2. Click on image to view full size.

のがじょうず (no ga jouzu):  to be good at

のがすき (no ga suki): like / love doing

のがへた (no ga heta): to be bad at

すぎる (sugiru): too much

たい (tai): want to

たことがある (takotogaaru): have done before

ている (teiru): is/are/am doing

てください (tekudasai): please do…

てもいい (temo ii): is okay, is alright to, can

てから (tekara): after doing

てはいけない (tewaikenai): must not, may not

と (to): and, with

つもりだ: plan to, intend to

や (ya): and

より ~ のほうが ~ (yori ~ nohouga ~): is more ~ than

Click here to download the printable PDF file for the JLPT N5 Grammar List.

See also: JLPT N5 Vocabulary List


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Must-read: Guide to self-studying Japanese effectively

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