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Learn JLPT N1 Grammar: かたわら (katawara)

Learn Japanese N1 Grammar with Flashcard

Meaning: while (doing); in addition to; at the same time

Formation:

Verb-dictionary form + かたわら
Noun + のかたわら

Example sentences:

彼は教師の仕事をするかたわら小説を書いている。
He’s a teacher and at the same time a novelist.
kare wa kyoushi no shigoto o suru katawara shousetsu o kaite iru.

 

彼女は会社勤めのかたわら、ボランティア活動に積極的に取り組んでいる。
Aside from her job as a company employee, she’s also very active in volunteer work.
kanojo wa kaisha tsutome no katawara, borantia katsudou ni sekkyokuteki ni torikunde iru.

 

わたしは学校に通うかたわら、夜はスーパーで働いている。
I’m going to school and also working at a supermarket at night.
watashi wa gakkou ni kayou katawara, yoru wa suupaa de hataraite iru.

 

松本潤は歌手としての活動のかたわら、俳優としても活躍している。
Matsumoto Jun is a singer and also an actor.
matsumoto jun wa kashu to shite no katsudou no katawara, haiyuu to shite mo katsuyaku shite iru.

 

彼がみんなの皿一杯にたっぷり肉を切って分けるかたわら、奥さんはおもしろおかしく話して皆を喜ばせました。
He carved bountiful platefuls, while his wife made everyone merry with lively talk.
kare ga minna no sara ippai ni tappuri niku o kitte wakeru katawara, okusan wa omoshiro okashiku hanashite mina o yorokobasemashita.

 

父は農業のかたわら、小さい店を経営している。
My father is a farmer and at the same time runs a small shop.
chichi wa nougyou no katawara, chiisai mise o keiei shite iru.

 

アヤコほど能率的に物事をこなす人はあまりいないだろう。彼女は五人の子供を育てるかたわら、私たちの二軒のレストランをとりしきっている。
Ayako may be the most organized person I know. In addition to raising five children, she also runs our two restaurants.
ayako hodo nouritsuteki ni monogoto o konasu hito wa amari inai darou. kanojo wa gonin no kodomo o sodateru katawara, watashitachi no niken no resutoran o torishikitte iru.

 

Learn JLPT N1 Grammar: かたわら (katawara)

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彼はまた、彼女は本能的にそれを知って、その恐ろしい労苦にたいして準備しながら、自分がいま楽しい気持で将来の巣をいとなむかたわら享楽している、のんきさと愛の幸福時代の瞬間にたいして、自分を責めるようなことをしないでいるだけだということに、思いいたらなかったのである。
He knew not that she was instinctively aware of this, and preparing herself for this time of terrible toil, did not reproach herself for the moments of carelessness and happiness in her love that she enjoyed now while gaily building her nest for the future.
kare wa mata, kanojo wa honnouteki ni sore o shitte, sono osoroshii rouku ni taishite junbi shinagara, jibun ga ima tanoshii kimochi de shourai no su o itonamu katawara kyouraku shite iru, nonkisa to ai no koufuku jidai no shunkan ni taishite, jibun o semeru you na koto o shinaide iru dake da to iu koto ni, omoiitaranakatta no de aru.


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仕事のかたわら文法を勉強して、三年はそうやって暮らす。そしてその三年間にどんなイギリス人にだって負けないくらい英語をおぼえちまうんだ。
Work and grammar — that’s how I’ll spend three years. And by that time I shall speak English like any Englishman.
shigoto no katawara bunpou o benkyou shite, sannen wa sou yatte kurasu. soshite sono sannenkan ni donna igirisujin ni datte makenai kurai eigo o oboe chimaun da.

 

当時、政教社や民友社に集まったような批評家や論客たちは、政治家を手厳しく批判するかたわら、「個人主義的」実業家の勤勉は強力な国家の建設に通じるとして、これを尊崇することに血道をあげていた。
Critics and polemicists such as those associated with the Seikyosha and Minyusha groups devoted great energy at the time to castigating politicians and venerating instead the “individualistic” entrepreneur whose industriousness was conducive to the creation of a strong state.
touji, seikyousha ya min’yuusha ni atsumatta you na hihyouka ya ronkakutachi wa, seijika o tekibishiku hihan suru katawara, kojin shugiteki jitsugyouka no kinben wa kyouryoku na kokka no kensetsu ni tsuujiru to shite, kore o sonsuu suru koto ni chimichi o agete ita.

 

アーサーはオーチスよりも積極的だった。政治改革を推し進めるかたわら、ゲリラ殲滅に極端な武力行使を辞さなかった。
Aurthur was more aggressive than Otis, and while he also pushed for political reform, he was willing to use extreme force to destroy the guerrillas.
aasaa wa oochisu yori mo sekkyokuteki datta. seiji kaikaku o oshisusumeru katawara, gerira senmetsu ni kyokutan na buryoku koushi o jisanakatta.

 

彼は日本の緊急な必要と崇高な目的を説明し、かたわら中国とアメリカが日本の政策を誤り伝えていることを暴露した。
He endeavored to explain Japan’s pressing needs and honorable objectives, and in the process to expose Chinese and American misrepresentations of Japanese policy.
kare wa nihon no kinkyuu na hitsuyou to suukou na mokuteki o setsumei shi, katawara chuugoku to amerika ga nihon no seisaku o ayamari tsutaete iru koto o bakuro shita.

 

Similar grammar:

つつある (tsutsu aru): to be in the process of doing
ながらに/ながらの (nagara ni/nagara no): while, during
と同時に (to douji ni): at the same time as
つつ (tsutsu): while, although


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