Learn JLPT N5 Grammar: がいる (gairu)

Learn Japanese Grammar Flashcard

Meaning: to exist, there is/are

The verb いる is used to indicate the existence of living objects.


Person/Place + (に)は + thing + がいる

Example sentences:

There are students in the classroom.
kyoushitsu niwa seito ga iru.


There are many people at the library.
toshokan ni hito ga ippai iru.


Mom’s in the kitchen.
daidokori niwa haha ga imasu.


I don’t have any sibling.
watashi ni wa kyoudai to iu mono ga tada no hitori mo imasen.


I didn’t know a soul in Hokkaido.
hokkaidou ni wa watashi no shiriai wa hitori mo inakatta.


I have three children. Do you think I love all three of my children equally?
ore ni wa sannin kodomo ga iru. sore de, ore wa sannin no kodomotachi minna no koto o kouhei ni suki da to omou ka.



What you and I have in common is that we have a three-year-old.
watashitachi ni wa, otagai sansai no kodomo ga iru to iu kyoutsuuten ga arimasu.


Well, now I have at least some notion of where we are! We have come almost in the opposite direction to which we intended.
sate, kore de dou yara, watashitachi ga doko ni iru ka kentou dake wa tsuita zo. watashitachi ga mezashita no to hotondo hantai no hougaku ni kite shimatta.


There are journalists in Japan trying to do good work in mainstream media.
nihon no shuryuu media ni mo, ii shigoto o shiyou to shite iru jaanarisutotachi ga iru.


Some people criticize Nakayama, but you’ve got to give him credit.
nakayama o hihan suru hito mo iru ga, kare no jisseki wa mitomeru beki da.


Similar grammar:

がある (ga aru): to be, to exist
ている (teiru): be doing something


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Learn JLPT N5 Grammar: がある (ga aru)
Learn JLPT N5 Grammar: いちばん (ichiban)
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