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Learn one Kanji a day with infographic: 代 (dai)

Learn one Kanji a day with infographic: 代 (dai)

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MEANING:

substitute, change, convert, replace, period, age, generation, charge, rate, fee

HOW TO READ:

On: gai, tai
Kun: ka.waru, kawa.ru, kawa.ri, ka.wari, -gawa.ri, -ga.wari, ka.eru, yo, shiro

HOW TO REMEMBER:

Since Stephen Amell is injured, we need to find a person (亻) who can substitute for him in the TV series Arrow (弋).

WORDS:

代り (kawari): substitute
時代 (jidai): period, era
現代 (gendai): nowadays
年代 (nendai): age, era
代物 (daibutsu): substitute
代金 (daikin): payment, charge
近代 (kindai): present time
古代 (kodai): ancient times
代償 (daishou): compensation
代理 (dairi): representation
代々 (daidai): for generations
十代 (juudai): teenage
初代 (shodai): first generation
世代 (sedai): generation, the age
代用 (daiyou): substitution
代言 (daigen): speaking for another
交代 (koutai): alternation, change
代表 (daihyou): representative
代行 (daikou): acting as agent
代筆 (daihitsu): writing on someone’s behalf
時代物 (jidaimono): historical object
現代人 (gendaijin): modern people
身代り (migawari): substitute for
残業代 (zangyoudai): overtime pay
入れ代える (irikaeru): to replace
時代遅れ (jidaiokure): old-fashioned
前代未聞 (zendaimimon): unheard-of


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EXAMPLE SENTENCES:

私は中田さんの代理をしているのではありません。
watashi wa nakadasan no dairi o shite iru no dewa arimasen.
I am not acting for Nakada.

彼女は部屋代や道具の代金などがたまっていた。
kanojo wa heyadai ya dougu no daikin nado ga tamatte ita.
She was in debt for her rent and furniture.

学生時代、友人は私をそういう名で呼んだ。
gakusei jidai, yuujin wa watashi o sou iu na de yonda.
That was my friends’ nickname for me at school.

キャンプ場に多くの国の代表が集まっている。
kyanpujou ni ooku no kuni no daihyou ga atsumatte iru.
Representatives of many nationalities are gathering in the campsite.

そんな時代遅れの言葉を使うと、人が笑いますよ。
sonna jidai okure no kotoba o tsukau to, hito ga waraimasu yo.
If you use such an old-fashioned word, people will laugh at you.

Vector designed by Freepik.


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