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JLPT N5 Vocabulary List

This is the list of words you need to study for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test Level N5.

JLPT N5 Vocabulary List

Click on each word for more details.

浴びる (abiru): to take a shower

危ない (abunai): dangerous, risky

あげる (ageru): to give

赤/赤い (aka/akai): red

明るい (akarui): bright, colorful

開ける (akeru): to open

秋 (aki): autumn

開く (aku): to open

甘い (amai): sweet

雨 (ame): rain

あなた (anata): you

兄 (ani): older brother

姉 (ane): older sister

青い (aoi): blue

洗う (arau): to wash

有る (aru): to be, to exist

歩く (aruku): to walk

朝 (asa): morning

朝ご飯 (asagohan): breakfast

明後日 (asatte): day after tomorrow

足 (ashi): foot, leg

明日 (ashita): tomorrow

遊ぶ (asobu): to play

あそこ (asoko): there, over there

頭 (atama): head

暖かい (atatakai): warm, mild

新しい (atarashii): new, fresh

後 (ato): behind after, later

暑い (atsui): hot (weather)

熱い (atsui): hot (thing)

厚い (atsui): thick

会う (au): to meet

晩ご飯 (bangohan): dinner

番号 (bangou): number

勉強 (benkyou): study, diligence

便利 (benri): convenient, handy

帽子 (boushi): hat, cap

病院 (byouin): hospital

病気 (byouki): illness, disease

豚肉 (butaniku): pork

茶色 (chairo): light brown

茶碗 (chawan): rice bowl, tea cup

父 (chichi): father

違う (chigau): to differ (from)

小さい (chiisai): small, little, tiny

近い (chikai): near, close

近く (chikaku): near, neighborhood

地下鉄 (chikatetsu): subway, metro

ちょっと (chotto): a little

ちょうど (choudo): exactly, precisely, just

地図 (chizu): map

台所 (daidokoro): kitchen

大学 (daigaku): university

大丈夫 (daijoubu): safe, all right, okay

段々 (dandan): gradually, little by little

誰 (dare): who

誰か (dareka): someone, somebody

出す (dasu): to take out

出口 (deguchi): exit, gateway

出かける (dekakeru): to go out

電気 (denki): electricity, light

電車 (densha): train, electric train

電話 (denwa): telephone call, phone

出る (deru): to leave, to exit

どちら (dochira): which one

どこ (doko): where

どう (dou): how, in what way, how about

動物 (doubutsu): animal

どうも (doumo): thanks

どうして (doushite): why, for what reason

どうぞ (douzo): please, feel free

土曜日 (doyoubi): Saturday

絵 (e): picture, drawing, painting

映画 (eiga): movie, film

映画館 (eigakan): movie theater, cinema

英語 (eigo): English (language)

駅 (eki): station

鉛筆 (enpitsu): pencil

服 (fuku): clothes

吹く (fuku): to blow (wind)

二人 (futari): two people, pair

二日 (futsuka): second day of the month, two days

降る (furu): to fall (rain)

古い (furui): old (not person)

封筒 (fuutou): envelope

冬 (fuyu): winter

学校 (gakkou): school

学生 (gakusei): student

外国 (gaikoku): foreign country

外国人 (gaikokujin): foreigner

元気 (genki): lively, full of spirit

玄関 (genkan): entranceway, entrance hall

月曜日 (getsuyoubi): Monday

銀行 (ginkou): bank

牛肉 (gyuuniku): beef

牛乳 (gyuunyuu): milk

五 (go): five

午後 (gogo): afternoon, p.m.

ご飯 (gohan): cooked rice, meal

午前 (gozen): morning, a.m.

歯 (ha): tooth

八 (hachi): eight

葉書 (hagaki): postcard

母 (haha): mother

入る (hairu): to enter, to go into

灰皿 (haizara): ashtray

始め (hajime): beginning, start

初めて (hajimete): for the first time

始まる (hajimaru): to begin, to start

箱 (hako): box, chest

半分 (hanbun): half

花 (hana): flower, blossom

鼻 (hana): nose

話 (hanashi): talk, speech, chat

話す (hanasu): to talk, to speak

晴れる (hanareru): to clear up

春 (haru): spring, springtime

貼る (haru): to stick, to paste

箸 (hashi): chopsticks

橋 (hashi): bridge

走る (hashiru): to run

二十歳 (hatachi): twenty years old

働く (hataraku): to work

二十日 (hatsuka): twentieth day of the month, twenty days

早い (hayai): early

早く (hayaku): early, soon, quickly

速い (hayai): fast, quick

辺 (hen): area, vicinity

下手 (heta): unskillful

部屋 (heya): room, chamber

日 (hi): day, sun

左 (hidari): left, left hand side

東 (higashi): east

弾く (hiku): to play (piano, guitar)

引く (hiku): to pull, to draw

低い (hikui): low (rank), short (height)

飛行機 (hikouki): aeroplane, airplane

暇 (hima): spare time, free time

広い (hiroi): spacious, vast, wide

昼 (hiru): noon, midday

昼ご飯 (hirugohan): lunch, midday meal

人 (hito): person

一人 (hitori): one person, alone

一つ (hitotsu): one

本 (hon): book

本棚 (hondana): bookshelf, bookcase

本当 (hontou): truth, reality

他 (hoka): other, the rest

百 (hyaku): hundred

一 (ichi): one

一番 (ichiban): number one, first, first place

一日 (ichinichi): one day

家 (ie): house, residence

いい (ii): good

否 (iie): no, nay

池 (ike): pond

行く (iku): to go

幾ら (ikura): how much, how many

幾つ (ikutsu): how many, how old

今 (ima): now, the present time

意味 (imi): meaning, significance

妹 (imouto): younger sister

犬 (inu): dog

入れる (ireru): to put in, to let in

入口 (iriguchi): entrance, gate

色 (iro): color, complexion

色々 (iroiro): various

要る (iru): to need, to want

医者 (isha): (medical) doctor, physician

忙しい (isogashii): busy, occupied

一緒 (issho): together

椅子 (isu): chair, stool

痛い (itai): painful, sore

五日 (itsuka): fifth day of the month, five days

いつも (itsumo): always, usually

五つ (itsutsu): five

言う (iu): to say, to utter

嫌 (iya): disagreeable, detestable

字引 (jibiki): dictionary

自分 (jibun): myself, yourself, oneself

自動車 (jidousha): automobile

時間 (jikan): time, hours

辞書 (jisho): dictionary

上手 (jouzu): skill, skillful

授業 (jugyou): lesson, class work

鞄 (kaban): bag

花瓶 (kabin): (flower) vase

角 (kado): corner, edge

帰る (kaeru): to return, to come home

返す (kaesu): to return (something)

鍵 (kagi): key, lock

階段 (kaidan): stairs, stairway

買物 (kaimono): shopping

会社 (kaisha): company, corporation

書く (kaku): to write, to compose

紙 (kami): paper

漢字 (kanji): Chinese characters

体 (karada): body, torso

辛い (karai): spicy, hot

借りる (kariru): to borrow

軽い (karui): light (not heavy)

傘 (kasa): umbrella

貸す (kasu): to lend, to loan

方 (kata): person

家庭 (katei): home, family, household

買う (kau): to buy, to purchase

可愛い (kawaii): cute, adorable

家族 (kazoku): family, members of a family

風 (kaze): wind, breeze

風邪 (kaze): cold, influenza

川 (kawa): river, stream

警官 (keikan): police officer, policeman

結婚 (kekkon): marriage

結構 (kekkou): spenlid, nice, okay

今朝 (kesa): this morning

消す (kesu): to erase, to delete

木 (ki): tree

消える (kieru): to go out, to vanish

黄色い (kiiroi): yellow

昨日 (kinou): yesterday

金曜日 (kin’youbi): Friday

切符 (kippu): ticket

嫌い (kirai): dislike, hate

切る (kiru): to cut

着る (kiru): to wear, to put on

喫茶店 (kissaten): coffee shop

北 (kita): north

汚い (kitanai): dirty, filthy

切手 (kitte): stamp (postage)

九 (kyuu): nine

声 (koe): voice

ここ (koko): here

九日 (kokonoka): ninth day of the month, nine days

困る (komaru): to be troubled, to be worried

今晩 (konban): tonight, this evening

今週 (konshuu): this week

交番 (kouban): police box

紅茶 (koucha): black tea

公園 (kouen): (public) park

子供 (kodomo): child, children

答える (kotaeru): to answer, to reply

言葉 (kotoba): language, dialect

今年 (kotoshi): this year

交差点 (kousaten): crossing, intersection

聞く (kiku): to hear, to listen

奇麗 (kirei): pretty, lovely, beautiful

去年 (kyonen): last year

今日 (kyou): today, this day

兄弟 (kyoudai): siblings, brothers and sisters

教室 (kyoushitsu): classroom, department

口 (kuchi): mouth, opening, hole

果物 (kudamono): fruit

曇り (kumori): cloudiness, cloudy weather

国 (kuni): country, state, region

暗い (kurai): dark, gloomy

黒い (kuroi): black, dark

来る (kuru): to come

車 (kuruma): car, automobile

薬 (kusuri): medicine


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靴 (kutsu): shoes, boots

靴下 (kutsushita): socks

町 (machi): town, block

まだ (mada): still, not yet

前 (mae): front, ahead, previous

毎朝 (maiasa): every morning

毎晩 (maiban): every night

毎月 (maitsuki/maigetsu): every month

毎日 (mainichi): every day

毎週 (maishuu): every week

毎年 (maitoshi): every year, yearly

窓 (mado): window

曲がる (magaru): to bend, to curve

万 (man): ten thousand

丸い (marui): round, circular

また (mata): again, also

待つ (matsu): to wait, to look forward to

目 (me): eye, eyeball

眼鏡 (megane): spectacles, glasses

道 (michi): road, street, way

緑 (midori): green

磨く (migaku): to polish, to shine

右 (migi): right, right hand side

短い (mijikai): short

耳 (mimi): ear

南 (minami): south

皆 (minna): all, everyone

見る (miru): to see, to look, to watch

店 (mise): store, shop

見せる (miseru): to show, to display

水 (mizu): water

門 (mon): gate

問題 (mondai): question, problem

持つ (motsu): to hold (in one’s hands)

木曜日 (mokuyoubi): Thursday

六日 (muika): sixth day of the month, six days

向こう (mukou): opposite side, other side

村 (mura): village

難しい (muzukashii): difficult, hard

長い (nagai): long, lengthy

中 (naka): inside, in, among

鳴く (naku): to sing (bird)

無くす (nakusu): to lose something

名前 (namae): name, full name

何 (nani): what

七日 (nanoka): seventh day of the month, seven days

並ぶ (narabu): to stand in a line

並べる (naraberu): to line up

習う (narau): to be taught, to learn (from a teacher)

なる (naru): to become

夏 (natsu): summer

猫 (neko): cat

寝る (neru): to go to bed

二 (ni): two

日曜日 (nichiyoubi): Sunday

賑やか (nigiyaka): bustling, busy, lively

肉 (niku): flesh, meat

荷物 (nimotsu): luggage, baggage

西 (nishi): west

庭 (niwa): garden, yard

登る (noboru): to ascend, to go up

飲物 (nomimono): drink, beverage

飲む (nomu): to drink, to gulp

乗る (noru): to get on (train, plane, bus, ship)

脱ぐ (nugu): to take off (clothes, shoes)

伯母さん (obasan): aunt

お祖母さん (obaasan): grandmother

お弁当 (obentou): Japanese lunch box

覚える (oboeru): to memorize, to remember

お茶 (ocha): tea

お風呂 (ofuro): bath

美味しい (oishii): delicious, tasty

お母さん (okaasan): mother

お金 (okane): money

お菓子 (okashi): sweets, candy

起きる (okiru): to get up, to rise

置く (oku): to put, to place

奥さん (okusan): wife, your wife, his wife

お巡りさん (omawarisan): police officer

重い (omoi): heavy, weighty

面白い (omoshiroi): interesting, fascinating

お腹 (onaka): stomach

音楽 (ongaku): music

女 (onna): female, woman

同じ (onaji): same, identical

お姉さん (oneesan): elder sister

お兄さん (oniisan): elder brother

女の子 (onna no ko): girl

多い (ooi): many, numerous, a lot

大きい (ookii): big, large, great

大勢 (oozei): many, crowd, great number of people

降りる (oriru): to descend, to get off

お皿 (osara): plate, dish

教える (oshieru): to teach, to instruct

遅い (osoi): slow, late

押す (osu): to push, to press

お手洗い (otearai): toilet, restroom

男 (otoko): man, male

男の子 (otoko no ko): boy

大人 (otona): adult

一昨日 (ototoi): day before yesterday

お父さん (otousan): father, dad

一昨年 (ototoshi): year before last

弟 (otouto): younger brother

終わる (owaru): to finish, to end

泳ぐ (oyogu): to swim

来月 (raigetsu): next month

来年 (rainen): next year

来週 (raishuu): next week

冷蔵庫 (reizouko): refrigerator

練習 (renshuu): practice

六 (roku): six

廊下 (rouka): corridor, hallway

旅行 (ryokou): travel, trip

料理 (ryouri): cooking, cuisine

両親 (ryoushin): parents, both parents

留学生 (ryuugakusei): overseas student

歳 (sai): years old

財布 (saifu): purse, wallet

魚 (sakana): fish

酒 (sake): alcohol, sake

先 (saki): previous, prior, former

咲く (saku): to bloom

作文 (sakubun): writing (an essay), composition

寒い (samui): cold

三 (san): three

散歩 (sanpo): walk, stroll

再来年 (sarainen): year after next

砂糖 (satou): sugar

背 (se): height, stature

背広 (sebiro): business suit

生徒 (seito): pupil

石鹸 (sekken): soap

狭い (semai): narrow, confined

千 (sen): thousand

先月 (sengetsu): last month

先生 (sensei): teacher, master, doctor

先週 (senshuu): last week

洗濯 (sentaku): washing, laundry

四 (shi, yon): four

七 (shichi, nana): seven

写真 (shashin): photograph, photo, picture

仕事 (shigoto): work, job

閉まる (shimaru): to be shut, to close

閉める (shimeru): to close, to shut

締める (shimeru): to tie, to fasten

新聞 (shinbun): newspaper

死ぬ (shinu): to die, to pass away

塩 (shio): salt

白い (shiroi): white

知る (shiru): to be aware of, to know

下 (shita): below, down, under

質問 (shitsumon): question, inquiry

静か (shizuka): quiet, silent

食堂 (shokudou): dining room, dining hall

醤油 (shouyu): soy sauce

宿題 (shukudai): homework

側 (soba): near, close, beside

空 (sora): sky

外 (soto): outside, exterior

掃除 (souji): cleaning, sweeping

水曜日 (suiyoubi): Wednesday

好き (suki): liking, fondness, love

少し (sukoshi): small quantity, little

少ない (sukunai): few, a little

住む (sumu): to live, to reside

する (suru): to do

吸う (suu): to smoke, to breathe in

座る (suwaru): to sit

涼しい (suzushii): cool, refreshing

煙草 (tabako): tabacco, cigarette

食べ物 (tabemono): food

食べる (taberu): to eat

多分 (tabun): perhaps, probably

大変 (taihen): very, greatly, immense

大切 (taisetsu): important, necessary

大使館 (taishikan): embassy

高い (takai): high, tall, expensive

沢山 (takusan): a lot, plenty, many

卵 (tamago): egg, spawn

誕生日 (tanjoubi): birthday

楽しい (tanoshii): enjoyable, fun

頼む (tanomu): to request, to beg, to ask

建物 (tatemono): building

立つ (tatsu): to stand, to rise

手 (te): hand

手紙 (tegami): letter

天気 (tenki): weather

戸 (to): door

飛ぶ (tobu): to fly

友達 (tomodachi): friend, companion

止まる (tomaru): to stop (moving)

隣 (tonari): neighbor, next to

十日 (tooka): tenth day of the month, ten days

鳥 (tori): bird

取る (toru): to take, to pick up

年 (toshi): year, age

図書館 (toshokan): library

時計 (tokei): watch, clock

時々 (tokidoki): sometimes, at times

所 (tokoro): place, spot, scene

遠い (tooi): far, distant

撮る (toru): to take (a photo), to record (a video)

とても (totemo): very, exceedingly

疲れる (tsukareru): to get tired

次 (tsugi): next, following

使う (tsukau): to use, to make use of

一日 (tsuitachi): first day of the month

着く (tsuku): to arrive at, to reach

机 (tsukue): desk

作る (tsukuru): to make, to produce

詰まらない (tsumaranai): dull, uninteresting

冷たい (tsumetai): cold (to the touch)

勤める (tsutomeru): to work (for), to be employed (at)

強い (tsuyoi): strong, powerful

上 (ue): above, up, over

生まれる (umareru): to be born

海 (umi): sea, ocean

売る (uru): to sell

煩い (urusai): noisy, loud

後ろ (ushiro): back, behind, rear

薄い (usui): thin, pale, light

歌 (uta): song

歌う (utau): to sing

上着 (uwagi): coat, jacket

若い (wakai): young, youthful

分かる (wakaru): to understand, to comprehend

悪い (warui): bad, poor, inferior

忘れる (wasureru): to forget

私 (watashi): I, me

渡る (wataru): to cross over

渡す (watasu): to hand over, to hand in

山 (yama): mountain

やる (yaru): to do

野菜 (yasai): vegetable

安い (yasui): cheap, inexpensive

休み (yasumi): rest, recess

休む (yasumu): to be absent, to take a day off

呼ぶ (yobu): to call out, to call

四日 (yokka): fourth day of the month, four days

横 (yoko): horizontal

読む (yomu): to read

夜 (yoru): evening, night

洋服 (youfuku): Western-style clothes

八日 (youka): eight day of the month, eight days

弱い (yowai): weak, frail, delicate

雪 (yuki): snow

ゆっくり (yukkuri): slowly, at ease

郵便局 (yuubinkyoku): post office

有名 (yuumei): famous

雑誌 (zasshi): journal, magazine

全部 (zenbu): all, entire, whole

 

KATAKANA

アパート (apaato): apartment

ベッド (beddo): bed

デパート (depaato): department store

ドア (doa): door (Western style)

エレベータ (erebeeta): elevator

フォーク (fooku): fork

ギター (gitaa): guitar

グラム (guramu): gram

ホテル (hoteru): hotel

カメラ (kamera): camera

キロ (kiro): kilogram

コーヒー (koohii): coffee

コート (kooto): coat

コップ (koppu): glass

クラス (kurasu): class

パーティー (paatii): party

ペン (pen): pen

ペット (petto): pet

ポケット (poketto): pocket

プール (puuru): swimming pool

セーター (seetaa): sweater, jumper

シャワー (shawaa): shower

スカート (sukaato): skirt

スポーツ (supootsu): sport

スプーン (supuun): spoon

スリッパ (surippa): slippers

ストーブ (sutoobu): heater, stove

タクシー (takushii): taxi

テーブル (teeburu): table

テープ (teepu): tape

テープレコーダー (teepu rekoodaa): tape recorder

テレビ (terebi): television, TV

テスト (tesuto): test

トイレ (toire): toilet, restroom

ゼロ (zero): zero, naught

ズボン (zubon): trousers, pants


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