JLPT N4 Grammar List

This is the list of grammar rules you need to study for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test level N4.

JLPT N4 Grammar List

Click on each grammar for more details.

あまり~ない (amari~nai): not very, not much

あとで (ato de): after, later

ば (ba): if… then

場合は (baai wa): in the event of

だけで (dake de): just by

だす (dasu): to suddenly begin, to suddenly appear

でも (demo): or something

でございます (de gozaimasu): to be (honorific)

がる (garu): to show signs of, to feel, to think

がする (ga suru): smell, hear, taste

ごろ (goro): around, about

ございます (gozaimasu): to be, to exist (honorific)

はじめる (hajimeru): to start, to begin to

はずだ (hazu da): it must be, it should be

はずがない (hazu ga nai): cannot be

ひつよう (hitsuyou): need, necessary

ひつようがある (hitsuyou ga aru): it is necessary to

ほしい (hoshii): to want something, to be in need of

いらっしゃる (irassharu): to be, to come, to go

いたす (itasu): to do (honorific)

じゃないか (janai ka): isn’t it

かどうか (ka dou ka): whether or not

JLPT N4 grammar list part 1. Click on image to view full size.

JLPT N4 grammar list part 1. Click on image to view full size. Download printable PDF version.

かい (kai): (turns a sentence into a yes/no question)

かもしれない (kamoshirenai): might, maybe

かな (kana): I wonder

かた (kata): how to

かしら (kashira): I wonder

こと (koto): Verb nominalizer

ことができる (koto ga dekiru): can, be able to

までに (made ni): by, by the time

みたい (mitai): like, similar to, resembling

みたいに/みたいな (mitai ni/mitai na): like, similar to

など (nado): such as, things like

ながら (nagara): while, during, as

ないで (naide): without doing, don’t

なければいけない/なければならない (nakereba ikenai/nakereba naranai): must do, have to do

なくてはいけない/なくてはならない (nakutewa ikenai/nakutewa naranai): must do, have to do

なくてもいい (nakute mo ii): don’t have to

なら (nara): if, in case, as for

なさい (nasai): (command/order somebody to do something)

なさる (nasaru): to do (honorific)

に気がつく (ni ki ga tsuku): to notice, to realize

Infographic: JLPT N4 grammar list part 2

JLPT N4 grammar list part 2. Click on image to view full size. Download printable PDF version.

にくい (nikui): difficult to, hard to

にみえる (ni mieru): to look, to seem, to appear

のなかで (no naka de): in, among

のに(noni) – 1: in order to

のに (noni) – 2: although, in spite of, even though

のように / のような (no you ni/no you na): like, similar to

お~ください (o~kudasai): please do (honorific)

お~になる (o~ni naru): to do (honorific)

おきに (oki ni): repeated at intervals, every

おわる (owaru): to finish, to end

られる (rareru) – 1: to be able to do something

られる (rareru) – 2: (passive voice)


らしい (rashii): seems like

さ (sa): (nominalizer for adjectives)

させる (saseru): to make/let somebody do something

させられる (saserareru): to be made to do something

さすが (sasuga): as one would expect

し~し (shi~shi): and

しか~ない (shika~nai): there’s only

そんなに (sonna ni): so, so much, like that

それでも (sore demo): but still, and yet

そうに/そうな (sou ni/sou na): seem, look like

そうだ (sou da) – 1: I heard that, it is said that

そうだ (sou da) – 2: look like, appear, seem

たばかり (ta bakari): just did, something just happened

たがる (tagaru): to want to

たら (tara): if, after, when

たらどう (tara dou): why don’t you

たり~たり (tari~tari): do such things like

たところ (ta tokoro): just finished doing, was just doing

てあげる (te ageru): to do something for someone

てある (te aru): something is/has been done

てほしい (te hoshii): I need you to

JLPT N4 grammar list part 3

JLPT N4 grammar list part 3. Click on image to view full size. Download printable PDF version.

ていく (te iku): to go on, to start

ているところ (teiru tokoro): in the process of doing

ていた (te ita): was doing something

ていただけませんか (te itadakemasen ka): could you please

てくれる (te kureru): to do something for someone

てくる (te kuru): to come to, to become, to continue

てみる (te miru): to try to

ても (temo): even if, even though

てもらう (te morau): to get somebody to do something

ておく (te oku): to do something in advance

てしまう (te shimau): to do something by accident, to finish completely

てすみません (te sumimasen): I’m sorry for

てよかった (te yokatta): I’m glad that

と (to): if, when, and

と~と、どちらが (to~to, dochira ga): which one

ということ (to iu koto): (changes a sentence or phrase into a Noun)

といってもいい (to itte mo ii): you could say, you might say

といわれている (to iwarete iru): it is said that

とか~とか (toka ~ toka): among other things, such as

とき (toki): when, at the time

JLPT N4 grammar list part 4

JLPT N4 grammar list part 4. Click on image to view full size. Download printable PDF version.

ときいた (to kiita): I heard that

ところ (tokoro): about to, on the verge of

とみえる (to mieru): it seems that

とおもう (to omou): I think, you think

つづける (tsuzukeru): to continue

やすい (yasui): easy to, likely to

より (yori): than

よていだ (yotei da): plan to, intend to

ようだ (you da): it seems that, it appears that, it looks like

ように/ような (you ni/you na): as, like, just like

ようになる (you ni naru): to reach the point that

ようにする (you ni suru): to try to, to make sure that

ようとおもう (you to omou): I think I will

ぜんぜん (zenzen): (not) at all

Transitive & Intransitive Verbs

Volitional form

See also: JLPT N4 Vocabulary List


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