JLPT N3 Grammar List

This is the list of grammar rules you need to study for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test level N3.

JLPT N3 Grammar List

Click on each grammar for more details. The link to download the printable PDF file of this list can be found at the end of this post.

あまり (amari): so much… that

あまりに (amari ni): so much… that, too…

ば~ほど (ba ~ hodo): the more… the more

ばいい (ba ii): should, can, it’d be good if

ばかり (bakari): only, nothing but

ばかりだ (bakari da): continue to

ばかりでなく (bakari denaku): not only… but also, as well as

ばかりに (bakari ni): because, on account of

ばよかった (ba yokatta): should have, it would have been better if

べき (beki): must do, should do

べきではない (beki dewa nai): must not do, should not do

べつに~ない (betsu ni ~ nai): not really, not particularly

中 (chuu/juu): during, throughout

だけ (dake) – 2: as much as

だらけ (darake): covered all over in, full of

どころか (dokoro ka): far from, anything but

どんなに~ても (donna ni ~ temo): no matter how

JLPT N3 grammar list part 1

JLPT N3 grammar list part 1. Click on image to view full size.

ふりをする (furi o suru): to pretend, to act as if

がち (gachi): apt to do, tend to do

がたい (gatai): hard to, difficult to

ぎみ (gimi): -like, -looking

ほど (hodo): the more, to the extent that, so much… that

ほど~ない (hodo ~ nai): is not as… as

いくら~ても (ikura ~ temo): no matter how

一方だ (ippou da): more and more, continue to

一方で (ippou de): on one hand, on the other hand

かけ (kake): half-, not yet finished

から言うと (kara iu to): in terms of, from the point of view of

代わりに (kawari ni): instead of, in exchange for

っけ (kke): what is… again?

決して~ない (kesshite ~ nai): never, by no means

JLPT N3 grammar list part 2

JLPT N3 grammar list part 2. Click on image to view full size.

切る (kiru): to do something completely to the end

切れない (kirenai): being too much to finish or complete

きり (kiri): only, just

こそ (koso): for sure (emphasize preceding word)

こと (koto): (must) do

ことだ (koto da): should

ことがある (koto ga aru): there are times when

ことか (koto ka): how…! what…!

ことから (koto kara): from the fact that

ことに (koto ni): unusually, especially

ことになる (koto ni naru): it has been decided that

ことにする (koto ni suru): to decide on

ことはない (koto wa nai): there is no need to, never happens

くらい (kurai): to the extent that, so… that

くせに (kuse ni): even though, and yet, despite

まま (mama): as it is

まるで (maru de): as if, as though

めったに~ない (metta ni ~ nai): hardly, rarely, seldom

もの (mono): because (indicate reason or excuse)

ものだ (mono da): used to do something, should do something

もしかしたら (moshikashitara): perhaps, maybe

JLPT N3 grammar list part 3

JLPT N3 grammar list part 3. Click on image to view full size.

向き (muki): suitable for

向け(muke): intended for, aimed at

ながらも (nagara mo): but, although, despite

ないことはない (nai koto wa nai): can, is not impossible

なんか / なんて (nanka / nante): such as, things like

なぜなら (nazenara): because, the reason is

んだって (ndatte): I heard that


に違いない(ni chigai nai): I’m sure, no doubt that

にかけて (ni kakete): over (a period), through, concerning

に関する / に関して (ni kansu ru / ni kanshite): related to

にかわって (ni kawatte): in stead of, on behalf of

に比べて (ni kurabete): compared to

において/ における (ni oite / ni okeru): in, on, at, as for, regarding

にしては (ni shite wa): for, considering it’s

にしても (ni shite mo): even if

に対して (ni taishite): in contrast to, while, in regard to

にとって (ni totte): to, for, concerning

について (ni tsuite): concerning, regarding

につれて (ni tsurete): as… then

によると / によれば (ni yoru to / ni yoreba): according to

JLPT N3 grammar list part 4

JLPT N3 grammar list part 4. Click on image to view full size.

によって / による (ni yotte / ni yoru): by means of, due to

の間に (no aida ni): while, during

をはじめ (o hajime): for example, starting with

おかげで (okage de): thanks to, because of

っぱなし (ppanashi): leaving something on, leaving something still in use

っぽい (ppoi): -ish, -like

さえ (sae): even

さえ~ば (sae ~ ba): if only… then

最中に (saichuu ni): in the middle of

せいで (sei de): because of

次第 (shidai): as soon as, dependent upon

しかない (shika nai): have no choice but

その結果 (sono kekka): as a result

そうもない (sou mo nai): very unlikely to

たびに (tabi ni): each time, everytime, whenever

ために (tame ni) 1: for, for the sake of, in order to

ために (tame ni) 2: because of, as a result of

たらいい/といい (tara ii / to ii): it would be nice if, should, I hope

たとえ~ても (tatoe ~ temo): even if… is the case

たとたん (ta totan): just (now, at the moment), as soon as

てごらん (te goran): (please) try to, (please) look

てはじめて (te hajimete): not until, only after… did I

てもかまわない (temo kamawanai): it doesn’t matter if

といっても (to itte mo): although I say, although one might say

という (to iu): called, named, as much as

ということだ (to iu koto da): I’ve heard that, rumour has it that

というのは (to iu nowa): means, is, because

というと (to iu to): speaking of, if it were the case that

というより (to iu yori): rather than

ところで (tokoro de): by the way

ところが (tokoro ga): even so, however, even though

とおり (toori): in the way, the same as

としたら / とすれば (to shitara / to sureba): if it were the case that, if we assume

として (to shite): as (i.e. in the role of)

とは限らない (towa kagiranai): not necessarily so, is not always true

ついでに (tsuide ni): while you are at it, on the occasion

つまり (tsumari): in other words; that is to say

と共に (to tomo ni): together with

うちに (uchi ni): while, before, doing

上で (ue de): after

わけだ (wake da): for that reason, no wonder, as you’d expect

わけではない (wake dewa nai): it doesn’t mean that, it is not the case

わけがない (wake ga nai): there is no way that

わけにはいかない (wake niwa ikanai): must not, can’t afford to

わりに (wari ni): although, rather, unexpectedly

ような気がする (you na ki ga suru): have a feeling that, think that

ように (you ni): in order to, so that

ようとする (you to suru): try to, be about to

ようとしない (you to shinai): not try to, not make an effort to

ずに (zuni): without doing

ずにはいられない (zu niwa irarenai): can’t help but feel, can’t help but do

Click here to download the printable PDF file for the JLPT N3 Grammar List.


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