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Learn JLPT N2 Grammar: ては (tewa)

Meaning: if, when

Formation:

Verb-てform + は
Noun + では
いadj (-い) + くては
なadj + では

Example sentences:

大きな声で話しては魚が逃げてしまう。
ookina koe de hanashite wa sakana ga nigete shimau.
If you speak too loud, the fishes will swim away.

料理がまずくては誰も来ませんよ。
ryouri ga mazukute wa dare mo kimasen yo.
If the food is nasty no one will come.

イギリスの住民はたった6500万人ですから、EUの強い交渉力の外にいては、経済的に苦境に陥るだろうと思えます。
It seems to me that the UK, with only 65 million inhabitants, will suffer economically outside the negotiating strength of the EU.
igirisu no juumin wa tatta rokusen gohyaku mannin desu kara, iiyuu no tsuyoi koushouryoku no soto ni ite wa, keizaiteki ni kukyou ni ochiiru darou to omoemasu.

自己認識なくしては、自己コントロールのシステムなど使い物になりません。
jiko ninshiki naku shite wa, jiko kontorooru no shisutemu nado tsukaimono ni narimasen.
Without self-awareness, the self-control system would be useless.

健全な貨幣なくしては、ほとんど何も達成することはできません。健全な貨幣は健全な政府の根底であります。
Little can be achieved without sound money. It is the bedrock of sound government.
kenzen na kahei naku shite wa, hotondo nani mo tassei suru koto wa dekimasen. kenzen na kahei wa kenzen na seifu no kontei de arimasu.


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その点につきましては、わたくしに責任がございます。
I must be responsible for the circumstance.
sono ten ni tsukimashite wa, watakushi ni sekinin ga gozaimasu.

思うに彼は、推理観察をやらせては、世にたぐいなき完全な機械だけれど、こと恋愛となると、まるきり手も足もでない不器用な男だった。
He was, I take it, the most perfect reasoning and observing machine that the world has seen, but as a lover he would have placed himself in a false position.
omou ni kare wa, suiri kansatsu o yarasete wa, yoni tagui naki kanzen na kikai da keredo, koto ren’ai to naru to, marukiri temoashimodenai bukiyou na otoko datta.

医学上の用語でなくては、それ以上の説明はつきませんがね。
In non-medical terms it couldn’t have been put better.
igakujou no yougo de nakute wa, sore ijou no setsumei wa tsukimasen ga ne.

Similar grammar:

に至っては (ni itatte wa): when it comes to
ていては (te ite wa): if one keeps doing


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Learn JLPT N2 Grammar: に基づいて (ni motozuite)
Learn JLPT N2 Grammar: ものではない (mono dewa nai)