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Learn JLPT N2 Grammar: ずに済む / なくて済む (zu ni sumu / nakute sumu)

Learn Japanese Grammar JLPT N2 Flashcard

Meaning: get by without doing…

Formation:

Verb-ないform (ーない) + ずに済む/ないで済む/なくて済む (zu ni sumu/naide sumu/nakute sumu)

Example sentences:


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友達が余っていたコンサートの券を一枚くれた。それで、わたしは券を買わずにすんだ。
tomodachi ga amatte ita konsaato no ken o ichimai kureta. sore de watashi wa ken o kawazuni sunda.
My friend gave me his extra ticket so I didn’t need to buy one.

彼の庇護で、僕は監獄に入らずにすんだ。
kare no higo de, boku wa kangoku ni hairazu ni sunda.
His protection kept me out of jail.

隣の家の窓ガラスを割ってしまったが、「すみません」と謝ったらお金を払わずにすんだ。
tonari no ie no mado garasu o watte shimatta ga, sumimasen to ayamattara okane o harawazu ni sunda.
I broke the house next door’s glasses, but I didn’t have to pay money after apologizing.

おしおきを受けずにすんでほっとした。
oshioki o ukezu ni sunde hotto shita.
To my great relief, I got by without being punished.

黙っててくれたら捕まらずにすむよ。
damatte te kuretara tsukamarazu ni sumu yo.
We won’t get caught if you don’t give us away.


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Learn JLPT N2 Grammar: もかまわず (mo kamawazu)