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Learn JLPT N1 Grammar: べく (beku)

Learn Japanese N1 Grammar with Flashcard

Meaning: in order to; for the purpose of; must; should

Formation:

Verb-dictionary form + べく

Exception: する -> するべく/すべく

Example sentences:

彼はサッカー選手になるべく、毎日厳しい練習をしている。
kare wa sakkaa senshu ni naru beku, mainichi kibishii renshuu o shite iru.
He’s been practicing hard every day in order to become a soccer player.

兄は締め切りに間に合わせるべく、昼も夜も論文に取り組んでいる。
ani wa shimekiri ni maniawaseru beku, hiru mo yoru mo ronbun ni torikunde iru.
In order to make the deadline, my big brother’s been working day and night on his thesis.


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気を静めるべく、指輪の紫のアメジストに思いをめぐらせた。
ki o shizumeru beku, yubiwa no murasaki no amejisuto ni omoi o meguraseta.
Trying to ease his nerves, he meditated on the purple amethyst in his ring.

彼は一日も早く借金を返すべく、必死で働いている。
kare wa ichinichi mo hayaku shakkin o kaesu beku, hisshi de hataraite iru.
He’s working really hard to repay his debt as soon as possible.

ウイルスの感染経路を明らかにすべく調査が行われた。
uirusu no kansen keiro o akiraka ni subeku chousa ga okonawareta.
In order to find the source of infection, an investigation is being carried out.

恩師に会うべく、久し振りに母校を訪れた。
onshi ni au beku, hisashiburi ni bokou o otozureta.
I visited my alma mater in order to meet my former teacher.

彼はこの十年間人生を立てなおし、暴力に満ちた過去を消すべくつとめてきた。
kare wa kono juunenkan jinsei o tatenaoshi, bouryoku ni michita kako o kesu beku tsutomete kita.
For the last decade he’s been trying to rebuild his life and erase the violence in his past.

開幕式に間に合わせるべく突貫工事が行われている。
kaimakushiki ni maniawaseru beku tokkan kouji ga okonawarete iru.
We’re speeding up the construction so that it will be ready for the opening ceremony.


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