Learn JLPT N5 Grammar: ないでください (naide kudasai)

Learn Japanese Grammar Flashcard

Kanji dialog:

お父さん: 帰りは8時くらいになると思うけど。
お母さん: あけみ、お姉ちゃんたちに迷惑かけないでね。
あけみ: はい。いってらっしゃい。
お母さん: いってきます。

あけみ: おはよう!9時ですよ!もう起きましょう!
お姉ちゃん: ちょっと!人の眠り妨げないでよ!
お兄ちゃん: そうよ。せっかくの日曜に。
あけみ: お姉ちゃん!お兄ちゃん!今日は特別な日だって事忘れてるでしょ?

Kana dialog:

おとうさん: かえりははちじくらいになるとおもうけど。
おかあさん: あけみ、おねえちゃんたちにめいわくかけないでね。
あけみ: はい。いってらっしゃい。
おかあさん: いってきます。

あけみ: おはよう!くじですよ!もうおきましょう!
おねえちゃん: ちょっと!ひとのねむりさまたげないでよ!
おにいちゃん: そうよ。せっかくのにちように。
あけみ: おねえちゃん!おにいちゃん!きょうはとくべつなひだってことわすれてるでしょ?

English translation:

Dad: I think we’ll come back at around 8.
Mom: Akemi, don’t cause trouble to your brother and sister.
Akemi: Okay. Have a good day.
Mom: See you later.

Akemi: Good morning! It’s already 9 o’clock! Let’s wake up!
Big sister: Hey! Don’t ruin people’s sleep!
Big brother: Yeah. It’s Sunday you know.
Akemi: Big brother! Big sister! Have you forgotten that today is a special day?

New words:

はい (hai): yes, okay, understood
お父さん・おとうさん (otousan): father, dad, daddy
お母さん・おかあさん (okaasan): mother, mom, mommy
お姉ちゃん・おねえちゃん (oneechan): big sister, elder sister
お兄ちゃん・おにいちゃん (oniichan): big brother, elder brother
帰り・かえり (kaeri): return, come back
くらい (kurai): approximately, around, about
迷惑・めいわく (meiwaku): trouble, bother, annoyance
人・ひと (hito): people, person
眠り・ねむり (nemuri): sleep
妨げる・さまたげる (samatageru): to disturb, to prevent, to obstruct
せっかく (sekkaku): long awaited, with trouble, at great pains
今日・きょう (kyou): today
特別・とくべつ (tokubetsu): special
日・ひ (hi): day
忘れる・わすれる (wasureru): to forget, to leave carelessly


New phrases:

迷惑をかける (meiwaku kakeru): to cause trouble to someone, to annoy, to bother
いってらっしゃい (itterasshai): have a good day, take care, see you
おはよう (ohayou): good morning
いってきます (ittekimasu): I’m off, see you later
ちょっと (chotto): hey! just a minute, short time, easily



ないで (naide)
ないでください (naidekudasai)

Meaning: please don’t do

You use ないで to express that someone does not do something, or to tell someone not to do something. You add “kudasai” after “naide” to say please don’t do something. In the dialog, Akemi’s mom was telling her not to disturb her brother and sister:

akemi, oneechan tachini meiwaku kakenaide ne.
Ake, don’t cause trouble to your brother and sister.

Akemi’s sister was telling her not to ruin her sleep:

hito no nemuri samatagenaide yo.
Don’t ruin people’s sleep.


Verb-command negative form + ないでください

Example sentences:

watashi no koto wa shinpai shinaide kudasai.
Please don’t worry about me.

shukudai o suru no o wasurenaide kudasai.
Please don’t forget to do your homework.

koko ni kutsu o okanaide kudasai.
Please don’t put your shoes here.

gokai shinaide kudasai.
Please don’t misunderstand me.

kono botan o osanaide kudasai.
Please don’t press this button.

densha no naka de keitaidenwa o tsukawanaide kudasai.
Please don’t use your cell phones in the train.

shuugou jikan wa hachiji desu. chikoku shinaide kudasai.
The meeting time is 8 o’clock. Please don’t be late.

boku no ie no mae ni kuruma o tomenaide kudasai.
Please don’t park your car in front of my house.

hokenshou o tanin ni kasanaide kudasai.
Please don’t lend others your insurance card.

jama shinaide kudasai.
Please don’t bother me.


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